Wednesday, February 10, 2010

Comparing Catholics and Protestants. Part Two.

This is the second part of a series where I compare Catholicism and Protestantism. Anyone needing to be brought up to speed can start with this post: Comparing Catholics and Protestants. Part One.

In a comparison chart sent to me by Amanda of steelingspoons, the second difference between the two religious groups is listed as Bible. According to the website, the differences are given as Catholic:Includes apocrypha and Protestants:Excludes apocrypha.

Immediately, a Catholic would see a bit of bias in listing the differences this way. When putting together their versus of the Bible, the Protestants left out a number of scriptural texts from the Old Testament which they call The Apocryha - these scriptural texts are referred to as The Deuterocanonical books by Catholics. The Deuterocanonical books are as follows:

* Tobit
* Judith
* Additions to Esther (Vulgate Esther 10:4-16:24[9])
* Wisdom
* Sirach, also called Ecclesiasticus
* Baruch, including the Letter of Jeremiah (Additions to Jeremiah in the Septuagint[10])
* Additions to Daniel:
o Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Holy Children (Vulgate Daniel 3:24-90)
o Susanna (Vulgate Daniel 13, Septuagint prologue)
o Bel and the Dragon (Vulgate Daniel 14, Septuagint epilogue)
* 1 Maccabees
* 2 Maccabees

The Deuterocanonical books are also considered canonical by the Orthodox Church.

The Protestants exclude these books because, they say, these books are not included in the Hebrew Bible as we know it today. The Jews exclude these books from their canon because, although these books were widely used by Greek speaking Jews, there are no surviving texts written in Hebrew. These books were, however, widely used by early Christians who were, for the most part, Greek speaking.

Many contend that these books were used by the Jews during the time of Christ and there are several allusions to the book of Sirach in the New Testament.

On an odd note, the story behind the Jewish celebration of Hanukkah can only be found in 1 Maccabees and 2 Maccabbees - books accepted by Catholics and Orthodox Christians, but not Jews or Protestants.

New American Bible - Online.


Joe of St. Thérèse said...

Unlike "the Chicken or the egg" there's an answer to which came first "The Bible or the Church"

The Church came first and the Bible as we know it was compiled under Pope St Damascus I in about 401 near the Council of Hippo

The Council of Jamia (Jewish Council around 91 ad) rejected the Deuterocanonical books because the Christians were using them explicitly.

Do we listen to the Jews or the Church who has the authority? The answer is pretty clear :)

Robert said...

Crystal clear.

Al said...

Joe brings up a historical fact that protestants either ignore, or dance arround. Either way, the question still stands: Why did Jamia reject the Deuterocanonicals? The answer: Because the Catholic Church was using them.

Amanda West said...

Got a question.

So Catholics use a Bible with the Deuterocanonicals?

Where do you find a Bible that contains that?

I have one with the Apocrypha.

Robert said...

Hi Amanda,
I was wondering why you hadn't left a comment lately.
It shouldn't be hard for you to find a Catholic Bible. You can check some of the Christian bookstores in and around Calhoun.(There's one in Rome called "Heaven's Attic") If all else fails, you're close enough to Atlanta....should be able to pick one up there.

Amanda West said...

Okay, I will check the bookstores here.

I would use my husband's, but it's in Spanish.